Thomas Hobbes and John Locke: In England it’s going to take a historic step crucial to the West. The seventeenth century means a change perhaps less well known than that of the eighteenth century of illustration and celebrrima culminating in the French Revolution. MINIMUM But without a knowledge of what happens in the England of Hobbes and Locke can not know the origin of one of the most important politicians models until today. This is liberalism. It is regarded as the founder of this social movement and political, the empiricist philosopher John Locke. But the topics about liberalism implies, first, learn the English landscape POLITICAL seventeenth century.
On the one hand, capitalism was in a stage of formation whose needs involve, among other things, the model change political.
Monrquico current system to what the British call the Glorious Revolution, when it ousted the absolute king James II, was not conducive to the interests of the new class bourgeois capitalist economically. Establishing the parliamentary monarchy and for the first time Europe knows the division of powers and the parliamentary system of government in which the King loses its total hegemony over the people, that is from the moment the only sovereign . Surge liberal model, as discussed in Part II in more detail, important changes in morality, policy and law. Concepts such as politics and civil society, as used in our days, come up in this little, but should be studied precisely to avoid what we believe is a serious Confucianism, not without ideological interests in this regard, today.
The conception filosfica State Thomas Hobbes, as a Leviatn or monster that dominates and eats sbditos the same, although in theory little was the defender of absolutism, it remains necessary to study carefully, because the power POLITICAL often seems not be so far, in practice, of these approaches. When studying the casustica of Power, does not seem to be so far from sta filosficos and moral guidelines of Hobbes, especially when speaking of the “Reason of State.”