The medieval philosophy:
We must refer to the main authors, and begin by referring to San Anselmo, as its fundamental argument is ontolgico filosficas and theological discussions medieval to influence Kant, who, as we know, based its policy on the need for God, while his is a postulate of reason practices, although there is no possible knowledge by pure reason.
It is important to remember, on the low to which we refer, namely the eleventh century, when San Anselmo wrote his famous Proslogium, which Gilson explains:
“In the eleventh century philosophy is the dialectic of Aristteles Redução. No physics, no anthropologist, no metaphysics, no purely rational moral was known to the people of this little “.
Already in the twelfth century comes the first European university in Paris. Studies Aristteles works to travs Arab translations and especially the commentaries of Averroes, the Escolstica forjarn that flourish in the thirteenth century St. Thomas Aquinas. The influence of Escolstica be extended to the XV and XVI. Even Descartes, and in the XVII comment that his influence was disastrous for the reason. However, the teachings escolstica model is very important in the Spanish empire and its American soil.
As is known, the relevant cuestinms in medieval philosophy we can say that the relationship is faith / reason. But the most controversial is the so-called dispute over universals.If universals are mere words of actual content cows, many of the anthropological approaches of philosophy and Christian ticos are jeopardized. As for moral issues, we can lights to indicate that Toms de Aquino, will continue to understanding so that there is a primaca of intelligence over the will. As Aristteles, Toms Aquinas proposes that happiness is the last end of man. And nature is the foundation of moral action. Aristotle definition follows the good: that all things crave. The topics about which today is called “human rights”, St. Thomas defines it as “natural rights of man.”
William of Ockham does not support the notion of moral good or evil in s.Good is not a property that is based on the nature of things, but hese are the goodness of God Determination free.