This group of philosophers, represents a key point in the development of morality and policy, as we shall see. Following Jaeger can, with him, from the following situation in Athens:
“From the beginning, the end of the movement educator who guided the sophists and educacin was not the people, but the education of the leaders.”
The aret is understood as “intellectual and oratorical skills, which in the new conditions of V century was the decisive factor.”These new conditions have to do with the emergence of new political class and economic way of military aircraft manufacturers, who want access to the cspide of power in Athens. Before them, the old aristocracy “blood”, which belong to both Socrates and Plato.
The moral problem, changing the political situation and take necessary to establish the moral educacin politics in a new way, to be the scene of polmicas between the Sophists and Socrates, as noted reading the Protgoras of Plato.
The matter of the truth on the throne to the problems of morality and the state are key to the development of all Western philosophy from this time.
In Pericles the Athenian democracy achieved its most elevated levels, but despite this crisis arises. Some of the blame in large part to the Sophists. In the words of Jaeger:
“From the most ancient times the rule of law bean been considered a great accomplishment. Dik was a powerful queen. No pruning play with impunity the basis of their sacred origin. Earthly law has its roots in the divine right. This was a general conception of the Greeks. Nothing changes on that with the transformation of the former authoritarian form of legal status based on the order of reason.
Jaeger plays – or explain – the figure of the sophist Callicles so reminiscent of Nietzsche.
“We try to the best and most powerful among us since the Niez such as lions, the oppressed, deceived and enslaved when we say we must be content to be equal to demsy that this is the noble and just.But when a man of nature really powerful, shocking all this, break the chains and released, and put under his feet all his letters frrago our spells, our magical arts and our laws against nature, l, the slave stands and appears as our lord, then shines in all its splendor, the law of nature “(quote from Gorgias 483E). Jaeger tells us that “for this conception-sophist – is the law an artificial limitation, a convention of the Dim organized to chain their natural lords, the most powerful, and bring at will. The right of nature appears in rude oposicin the right of man. ”
Unlike our little, for the Greeks, tena morality grounded in the polis.A private morality was for them unthinkable.