Ethics and Morality
The moral and policy in Greece and Rome:
The classic book by Werner Jaeger has precisely the title Paideia: the ideals of Greek culture. It refers in this work with tradition tradition filosfica homrica Athens. The moral ideal is represented by the heroes homricos. The situation of Hesodo as an educator is also a model, not heroic, but to every man worthy of membership in a community where justice prevails and harmony. The virtue in the world of Hesodo is based on the job. The poet Hesodo referred with praise to the goddess of law, good order and peace and promoting the works of men, which are the Greek people prior to the emergence of philosophy in Athens, that is, farmers and men of the sea.
However, to develop the polis, there are new modes of social relationship and therefore needs new moral and social conduct, in addition to new forms of policy and law.