foot notes for the moral and Ethics course materials

[1] Cf Eduardo Nicol, The Idea of Man, Mexico, FCE, p. 354-355

[2] consider important to point that in this respect there are two books of great interest for the study of the moral model. It Elorduy book on stoicism and two other key books, Gonzalo Puente Ojea: 1 – Ideologae History (The Stoic phenomenon in ancient society)

2 – Ideologae History) The formation of Christianity as an ideological phenomenon.)

[3] Cf His work The philosophy in the Middle Ages Ed Gredos. Pg 17.Besides warns us that “Christianity is a religion, to use, sometimes, certain terms filosficos to express their faith, the sacred writers yield to a human, but replacing filosfico an ancient sense of these terms for a new religious meaning. It is this sense that they should attribute when they find in Christian books. We will have frequent occasion to verify this rule throughout the history of Christian thought, and it is always dangerous to forget. ”

[4] Cf Ojea Bridge, Ideologae History (The formation of Christianity as the ideological phenomenon.)Pg 291

[5] We believe interesting to recall that the philosopher Heidegger Martn Aleman, in the twentieth century, was a great admirer of Hlderlin, precisely because of their interest as Germany’s national poet considered Heidegger ” the only people capable, by his spirit metaphysics, to save the West from its crisis, which reached the double bean grip of materialism of the communist USSR and capitalist America “as You can read his work An Introduction to metaphysics.It is interesting also recommend the reading of a book by Herbert Marcuse (who had written his doctoral dissertation on Hegel’s philosophy). Razny This is revolution, a book that explains the connection between the philosophy of Hegel and the European nationalism that connects to the Italian model of a totalitarian state in the era of Mussolini, for example, expressed edges cally by Croce.

[6] The connective of Espinosa et ordo, which means that the order and connection of things is the same order and connection of ideas. For a study of the philosophy of Materialism Filosfico Espinosa from consulting Pea Vidal’s book Spinoza’s materialism that is available on the Project page en Espaol Philosophy and is Free access

[7] is at this point or figure of Objective Spirit, where Hegel puts autodeterminacin Kantian moral, based on duty.

[8] It is important to consider the topics about to make a serious critique of Fukuyama’s thesis on the so-called end of history, in the present context of the so-called new world order.

[9] Cf. Historicism and existentialism, p.264

[10] We note the names of John Dewey, Charles Peirce and William James himself, though we must bear in mind the English Whitehead, who worked in the United States, and others of importance as Santayana, Quine, Black or Nagel.See more details for the book by Paul Kurtz American Philosophy in the Twentieth Century.Mexico; Ed FCE, 1972. Since then we refer to authors in the first half of the twentieth century. Authors like Rawls, Dennet, &, are not directly part of the considerations we use in this context.

[11] Taken from the ed. Publisher Santillana, (1997) Philosophy Today collection. Lessons of Pragmatism, James W.

[12] Cf B. Russell Humane Society: policy and politics, Madrid; Ed.Ctedra.Pg.133

[13] In this part we will use as a reference critic, thought tico exposed by Albert Schweitzer in the book Civilizaciny policy. We believe that this author is a master of filosfica criticism, and the goal of our educational project is precisely the attitude criticism build on students. This method proves most difficult quiz that shows based on descriptive, but is much more filosfico.

[14] Schweitzer in his book defends the thesis that filosfico-cal systems of the West develop an optimistic conception of the policy and life, which means that does not solve the central problems policy, because the basis of this optimism, it hides the true path for the policy that Schweitzer has proposed: a policy of reverence for life.This means that the policy should address not only by men, but life in general and the natural environment in which sta develops. An optimistic conception of the world does not solve the problem tico. The thesis of Schweitzer debern be discussed, and besides, it is necessary to detect whether their interpretations of the theories of various philosophers practices and schools, are criticisms Validate.

[15] Schweitzer puts this in the following words: “Instead of creating a policy, Aristteles content with a doctrine of virtue.”

[16] Cfr.G. Ojea Bridge; Ideologae history.The Stoic phenomenon in ancient society. P. 29

[17] Cf Eleuterio Elorduy, Stoicism, Vol II p.96

[18] In this case we follow the argumentacin of Elorduy, while avoiding its neat explanation , Trying to expose the essential.

[19] Elorduy, op.cit., p. 99

[20] Seneca, Ep. 118.9. Apud Elorduy

[21] Cf Gustavo Bueno, First Essay on the categories of “political science”, p. 113-114 Book available with free access

[22] We read of interest chapter for this historic period in the book of Salvador Giner history of social thought, Ed Ariel

[23] Cf Gustavo Bueno, op.cit., P. 227

[24] See History of Social Thought, p. 202.This is important for the matter of the founding International delDerecho, attributed to Francisco de Vitoria (1483-1546).

[25] It is interesting to Albiac Gabriel’s book, The Synagogue cow. Madrid, Ed hyper, 1987.

[26] See The Meaning of Life, p. 611

[27] Cf A. Schweitzer, op.cit. P. 146 ff.

[28] Cf S. Giner, op. p.306

[29] Cf Mac Intyre, op.cit, p.182

[30] Cf Galvez JI; The thought of Karl Marx, Madrid, Ed Taurus

[31] Cf Mac Intyre, After Virtue, Barcelona, ​​Criticism, 2001, p. 146 ff.

[32] Published in 1950 for the first time. The edition we use is the Princeton University Press, 1968, which is the third edition in English.

[33] Kauufmann, op. cit. p.321

[34] Heidegger, Nietzsche I, Barcelona, ​​Destino, 2000, p. 64 ss.

[35] Heidegger, op.cit, p.153

[36] Cf Gustavo Bueno, op.cit. P. 169-170

[37] Franz Brentano, The origin of moral knowledge, Madrid; Ed.Revista of the West, 2ed. 1941

[38] Brentano, op. p. 30

[39] The book, published by the Foundation and Ed Pentalfa Gustavo Bueno, it is of interest in the amount of analysis of concepts on the Philosophy of law and policy and moral problemtica. Vid. P. 109

[40] Cf H.Kelsen Teora General; Mexico;: Ed,, 1979, 15 ed. p.57-58

[41] Cf FA Hayek, The Constitution of Liberty, Madrid; Ed editorial Union, 1991. p. 260

[42] action, especially social action, says Weber, in addition to the social relationship, “can be targeted by side his department participated in the representation of the existence of an order legtimo.The probability of this happening is in fact called “validity” of the order in topics about. ” But in addition, the legitimacy of a particular order “may be warranted:

A purely intimate, and in this case:

I. 1) purely emotional, sentimental Delivery;

2) according to rational values: the belief in its absolute validity, as expression of supreme values ​​generating duties (moral, aesthetic or any other kind);

3) religious: the belief that its observance depends on the existence of a well of salvation.

II.Also (or only) by the expectation of certain external consequences, ie, a situation of interest, but by expectations of a particular genre “In Economay society, Mexico, FCE, p. 27

[43] Weber, Ibid. , P. 29

[44] In the book edited by Victoria Camps, History of the policy, Vol 3. p. 148.

[45] Cf Herbert Marcuse, One Dimensional Man, Mexico, Ed Joaquin Mortiz, 5ed.1969.p.12 ss.

[46] Cf B.arrington Moore, Injustice: social bases of obedience and rebellion, Mexico, UNAM, Institute of Social Research, 1989 is essential to understanding the scope of the proposals metodolgicas of the Frankfurt School and a possible bailout for the analysis of the social critic, from a critical and non dogmtica philosophy or idealistic in the low current.

[47] Cf Federico Urals, The evolution of philosophy in Spain, Barcelona, ​​Laia, 1977. pp. 160-170

[48] ​​Quoted by Gustavo Bueno on The meaning of life.P. 399.

The Book of Good Questions cuodlibetales about God and religion, Madrid, Mondadori, 1989, devotes a full chapter to discuss this idea of Zubiri.Both books can be read at no cost ntegrating the Foundation web page Gustavo Bueno

[49] Posted by editorial Pentalfa, Oviedo.

[50] Cf After, policy and human condition, Barcelona; Ed.Pennsula, 2000. p. 16

[51] Cf logic of the limit, p. 108

[52] logic of the limit, p. 317

[53] Ed.Ayuso, books hyperinflation.

[54] Posted by ICE cleaned and the Autonomous University of Barcelona. Jnger Heidegger devotes her writing, “on her sixtieth birthday.”

[55] Cf The “Christian Gauss Lectures, 1971, appearing in the Theory of communicative action: add and previous studies.

[56] Cf. T Com Acc. : Ins and previous studies, p. 26

[57] In the book cited in footnote 21, p. 377ss.

[58] Cf Gadamer, Truth ymtodo, Salamanca, Ed Sgueme; 1991.p. 600 ff.

[59] Ibid. p.646

[60] Cf Apel, Theory of truth and policy discourse, Barcelona; priate / ICE, 1991.

[61] The edition of Principia Ethica that we handle is the UNAM, Mexico, with a translation of Adolfo Garcia Diaz, 1959. The Trial edition ticos (original title The early essays) is Agostini Metro, with an introductory study of Javier SDAB, 1992.

[62] Cfr.Kant; Criticism of the reason practice; Preface critic for an essay on Kant’s fundamental thesis done since coordinates filosfico materialist view that the essential test Gustavo Bueno on page http: / /

[63] Cf Moore, Essays ticos, p. 62 ss.

[64] Cf The interesting book of John Passmore, A Hundred Years of Philosophy, London, Pelican, 1972.There are Spanish Translation.

[65] Cf Moore, Principa Ethica, p. 105, ed. UNAM, 1959. The comments and references made from this note, Sern always about texts in this book.

[66] has been published in Spanish for the controversial ed.Paids ICE / UAB, 1998 with the title Jrgen Habermas / John Rawls.POLITICAL Debate on liberalism

[67] Cfr.David Alvargonzlez, Science and Cultural Materialism, ed. UNED, 1989

[68] In his book Cibernetics.The Human Use of Human Beings, Wiener ciberntica define the use and control messages between man and machines, including machine and machines. But in addition to using Greek origin of the terms (kibernets), which means the pilot of a ship, one that leads to port the following travesas crew and sometimes difficult, in the midst of reefs, storms, etc.What to point at Vienna, from his concern for misuse to be pruned to give the nascent technology ciberntica was a misuse of technology could bring him to his autodestruccin, accelerating the process of entropy that nature meets as part of the laws of thermodynamics.

[69] Ivan Illich Cfr.los articles and Papart, and Froidevaux Chastonay in Le Monde and the article by Paul Huerga own, apart from the work produced by Steve Hasam, in which this questionnaire is developed n from an anti-neoliberal perspective advocated by the signatories of the Manifesto.

[70] Cfr.a this regard the book of Gustavo Bueno The meaning of life . In l are studied concepts in a context filosfico person, such as freedom, human rights and the same notion of the meaning of life.

[71] For those interested in learning estn s basic lines of the Theory of Science, we recommend consulting the Internet page with this URL

in which you can read a summary of this theory in the book (can be downloaded from the network), What is Science?, ed. Pentalfa; Oviedo

[72] The sindresis in Santo Toms de Aquino, is the habit of first principles practices (cf. De veritate, Q.17, a.2, ad.3).The sindresis not a potential, but is an act, a habit that occurs in the practice, not a general topics about or theorists, is a rule of action that is done, not merely a moral rule or policy.

[73] Nolle-Neumann, The Spiral of Silence.Opininpblica-our social skin, Barcelona; Paids, 1995

[74] F. Valbuena, Teora General Information, Madrid, Noesis, 1997 Sourcebook free online at Project Filosofia en Espaol

[75] N. Chomsky and E. Herman, The guardians of freedom.Propaganada, desinformaciny consensus on the means of mass communication, Barcelona, ​​Criticism, 1990

[76] In Philosophy, politics, law, University of Valencia, 2001

[77] Hans KHN; A global policy for economay the politics, Mexico, FCE, 2000


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